In Russia, Japan has traditionally not considered a serious opponent. Part of the Russian ruling elite, headed by Interior Minister VK Plehve calculated using incitement of "small victorious war" with Japan to strengthen the authority of autocratic power and to curb the opposition forces in the country. In the absence of reliable information, in view of the closed Japanese society, the supreme power until the last hours of the Japanese attack did not believe in the possibility of the outbreak of war with Japan. After unsuccessful negotiations with the Japanese ambassador to Russia for the Russian suddenly on the night of January 27, 1904 the Japanese attacked the Russian squadron, standing in Port Arthur. Manifesto of January 27, 1904, Nicholas II declared war on Japan.